Cold Therapy causes the blood vessels to constrict which can help minimise soft tissue damage, after an injury has occurred. Cold Therapy for aches and pains in muscles and joints is well established and recommended by sports physiotherapists and health professionals.
Pain is the body’s number one warning that something is wrong. You can experience it right away, like when you sprain your wrist (acute) or it can develop over time (chronic) like when your legs do not recover after a hard workout.
Cold Therapy is effective for:
✔ Muscular Aches or Pain
✔ Mild Arthritic Pain
✔ Sports Injuries
✔ Sprains or Strains
What's more, applying cold can also help alleviate the pain associated with Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) which can occur 24-48 hours after exercise.
How you treat an injury can help you reduce and manage your pain. P.R.I.C.E.R. is a way for you to remember what to do if you get injured. The letters stand for Protect, Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate and Refer. When you have a sprain to your ligaments, strain to your muscles or bangs that cause bruises follow these simple instructions to help reduce the swelling:
Protect injured tissue from undue stress to limit inflammation and promote healing.
Avoid activities that increase blood flow which may lead to increased swelling and pain.
Limit damage and reduce pain, swelling and inflammation by applying cold to bring out bruising.
Apply a firm bandage to limit swelling without restricting circulation or cause additional pain.
Elevation (above the heart is ideal) limits the swelling, reduces the pressure and helps limit the bleeding.
Refer to your health professional for further attention.
Heat and Cold are both helpful in healing but they help in very different ways. Cold stops the blood flow to the area temporarily so the swelling and pain can decrease. Heat increases blood flow to the area so healthy blood can get there sooner. The key is when to use either cold, heat, or both.
Applying heat increases blood flow and swelling.
Drinking alcohol increases blood flow and swelling, and may lead to injury aggravation.
Protect the joint to avoid re-injury until it has healed adequately.
Massaging promotes blood flow and further swelling. Massage can increase damage if begun too early.